Pregnancy

early-symptoms-of-pregnancy-infographic

Pregnancy is a life-changing and joyful phase of a woman’s life. Every woman’s situation during it can be different but the joy, love, affection, and happiness of being a mother are almost identical. Every mother considers that the decision to become a mother of a child is the best decision she ever made in her whole life. Sometimes woman adopts the child but then also she feels the same joy and happiness to be a mother of a child.

Let’s understand the period from the very first week to giving birth to a child.

Confirmation of Pregnancy

Test

It is the easiest and most accurate way to confirm the pregnancy when a female missed her period or if she feels that she might be pregnant. Just take any standard test kit available at most medicine and grocery store. A test kit is an inexpensive and accurate way to confirm the situation. 99 times out of 100 these test kit’s results are correct if the female use it correctly.

How to use the Test Kit: It is very simple to get the result by using the test kit. For this, a woman should just place only two drops of her urine and wait for a while. within a minute or two the test kit reflects the result of the real position about pregnancy. The test kit examines the ‘Human Chorionic Gonadotropin’ (HCG) hormone which is produced by the human body only during the condition of pregnancy.

After the good news

Pregnancy is a long journey of about nine months which is divided into three trimesters and each trimester reflects three months period. Each trimester is approx thirteen weeks long.

First Trimester

1st month:

In the 1st week of the month, the most mature egg is released from the ovary. The process of releasing the egg is called ovulation. The released egg moves down the fallopian tube toward the uterus.

In the 2nd week, the sperm and the egg combine to complete the process which is called fertilization.

In the 3rd week, the fertilized egg divides into sixteen cells and forms a ball shape, and moves from the fallopian tube to the uterus. After this, the pregnancy starts when the ball plumps the uterine lining. This process is known as implantation.

In the 4th week, after the implantation, a tiny shape of a body starts to form by dividing the ball of cells including the digestive system which is tinier than a grain of rice.

2nd month:

In the second month of a pregnancy mood swings, heartburning, breast tenderness, and vomiting usually get worse. These are the common discomfort that increases month by month until the baby’s birth.

In the 5th week, the brain, spinal cord, and heart start to develop. We can feel the cardiac activity in the ultrasound.

In the 6th week, arms and legs develop in the form of buds. major nerves start to develop during this period and secrets special Harmon which prevents the mother’s menstrual. period.

In the 7th week, the whole body organs like ears, eyes, eyelids, upper lip, liver, and arms bend at the elbows are developed and the baby starts to get oxygen and nutrients from the bloodstream of the mother.

In the 8th week, a tail-like spinal cord develops rapidly, and the head becomes disproportionately large.

3rd month:

The female breast starts to grow and some changes like the area around the nipples may grow larger and darker. Acne may outbreak if someone is affected by it. The female should consult with the doctor about weight change during pregnancy. Usually, the female won’t gain much weight in the first three months of the pregnancy. The first trimester is more precautionary than the other two trimesters. So the female must take care of herself as carelessness may lead to ‘miscarriage’ in the third month of the first trimester. Around fifteen percent of miscarriages occur in the first trimester.

In the 9th week, the organs mouth, eyes, and tongue start to develop. The tail disappears and the embryo liver develops the blood cells.

In the 10th week, the placenta starts to absorb nutrients from the bloodstream after connecting to the wall of the uterus. The brain starts to develop and the nutrients, and oxygen are carried by the cord as well as taking away the waste from the fetus. fingers and toes grow longer in the hand and the feet of the baby.

In the 11th week, the tiny heart develops gradually, bones become hard, and teeth buds inside the gums.

In the 12th week, external sex organs appear by which ultrasound reports whether it is a girl baby or a boy. Skin and fingers grow but are still stuck together with the skin. Kidneys, sweat glands, and eyelids start functioning up to some extent.

At the end of the First trimester, doctors diagnose the health of the baby and give some suggestions and precautions regarding the next trimester which every mother must follow.

Second Trimester

Early signs of pregnancy reduce in the Second Trimester which occurs during the first trimester. Some digestive problems like constipation and heartburn may increase here. Some breathing changes can feel like short breaths or breathing faster. Bleeding gums, nasal stuffiness or nosebleed, and dizziness can be seen due to increased blood flow. Sometimes the female can faint also during this period.

4th month :

In the 13th-14th week, the ovaries move to the pelvic area from the abdomen in biologically female fetuses, and the protest gland starts to develop in biologically male fetuses. The mouth roof developed, hair begins to grow, and the eyelids develop into fully developed eyes.

In the 15th-16th week, the fetus is around 12-14 cm in length. Taste buds develop in the tongue. (Screening takes place if the first trimester tests are skipped).

5th month :

In the 17th-18th week, the fetus starts a movement that can feel like butterflies or flutters in the stomach. More interestingly, hiccoughs can be observed in the fetus.

In the 19th-20th week, the size becomes 17cm of the fetus and is covered by a greasy material (vernix caseosa) that protects the skin. Prints appear on the fingertips and ears start to function fully so that the fetus can hear muffled sounds from the outside world.

6th month :

In the 21st-22nd week, the female breast may start to develop tiny drops of early milk i.e. colostrum that may continue throughout the rest of pregnancy. The fetus increases by about 8inches (20 cm).

In the 23rd-24th week, eyelashes and eyebrows usually start to develop from this time. Some female feels painless squeezing of the uterus or abdomen. This contraction is also known as Braxton-Hicks which is normal and not a sign of early labor. Actually, this time uterus practices the process of labor and delivery.

Third Trimester

This is the final trimester of pregnancy at the end of which a charming baby takes birth or we can say that the female gets a gift from God for the rest of her life. In this trimester the uterus continues to expand but the dizziness may lessen from the previous months.

7th month :

In the 25th-26th week, the fetus starts to develop more and more fat until the end of pregnancy, and the length of the fetus increases to 9iches (23 cm).

In the 27th-28th week, the fetus developed to 10inches (25 cm), and the weight of the baby is around 1kg (1000 gm) or two pounds/ounce.

8th month :

The female may feel tired during this period. Blue or red swollen veins are often seen in the legs. It can cause itching and bleeding. The female may also get stretch marks on the expanded portion of the skin. The female may lose a bit of urine during laughing or sneezing time only because of pressure from the uterus on the bladder.

In the 29th-30th week, the CRL of the fetus is about 27cm (10.5 inches). The baby spends most of the time sleeping in the uterus.

In the 31st-32nd week, Lanugo starts falling off. The position of the baby considers a ‘ head down ‘ position by now, in preparation for the birth.

9th month :

This month considers the last month of pregnancy or the last month of the Third trimester. Trouble holding urine, swollen veins, trouble sleeping, and stretch marks can be seen in the month.

In the 33rd-34th week, the fetus is 30cm long this time. Lanugo is almost done. Pupils start to develop in the eyes.

In the 35th-36th week, the skin is no longer wrinkled due to fat around the fetus. The 46 cm lengthy baby is ready to take birth. During the next few weeks development of the lungs is rapid.

After all, in the completed trimester a healthy baby takes birth. and the female becomes the mother of the child. After the newborn delivery, the placenta and other tissues also come out of the female body. This is called after birth